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My present leadership style is Participative or democratic. I have done two surveys online (completed surveys attached with this plan), and based on the outcome I got from the surveys, I can say that my recent leadership style is Participative.

My existing strengths based on the surveys are situational management, handing over of authority and two-way efforts. The major areas I have to develop are meeting of deadlines, communiqué and difficulty of managing. Participative style is the leadership style where a manager gives workers the opportunity to wholly take part in decision making process. It is used by a range of important leaders all over the world, making it one of the most broadly used leadership style. Participative style is a very helpful instrument to encourage employee happiness and employee spirits.

Leadership Theories:

Leadership is a key element in having valuable management. All forms of leadership are essential for the business, from top level management to lower level management. It does not matter we have small business or big business but having an effective leadership is necessary for all types of business. If the leader will effective then employees will commit, motivated and they will give their better performance (Consador, 2012).

According to “Contemporary Management” by Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George, leadership is defined as “The process by which is an individual exerts persuade over other people and inspires, motivates, and directs their tricks to help attain group or organizational goals.” (Consador, 2012).

Situational Leadership Theories:

The situational theory is a leadership theory which is made by Paul Hersey, who is the professor and author of the book “Situational Leader” and Ken Blanchard, who is the leadership guru and author of the “The One Minute Manager”. The model shows that the board of human resources skills and work willingness of the individual member of staff and no one wants leadership style “better” to amend. This is the model of situational leadership theory; managers can change their path according to the needs of staff and accomplishment of valuable leadership based on the situational situation of Base. The strength of the model leaders should evaluate their supporters to maintain the promo on the basis of requirements and opportunities. In this way, developing their skills of their supporters, and of course, is more capable, established and self-sufficient. [1]

Relationship Leadership Theory

Relationship theory is also known as a transformational leadership theory. The theory of Transformational Leadership on their way to an optimistic transform in the preview, where compassionate for others with welfare and act in the importance of creating a faction as a whole. James MacGregor Burns (1978) was the person who introduced the concept of this leadership theory in his expressive research on political leaders.

“In point of fact, the head of the mission of raising community consciousness on a huge level, to the head of the creation to make sure that people be acquainted with or conscious of what they think To feel their factual needs so powerfully, to describe their morals, considerable is the reality that they can be encouraged to the deliberate achievement. [2]

Management Leadership Theory

Management Leadership Theory is also known as a Transactional leadership theory. This leadership theory is inspiring and directing his supporters to petition in exacting to their benefits. This transactional style of leadership was first introduced by Max Weber in 1947 and after that in 1981 by Bernard Bass. This theory is mostly use by the managers. This leadership theory is focus on the position of command, association and group performance. These theories stand leadership on a process of rewards and punishments. Managerial theories are often used in companies, when workers are winning, they are rewarded. When they failed they punished by the commander (Cherry, 2012). This style can be described as “narrative style.”

If a child is essential because the reward and if not that will the operator, you have been a penalty. The swap among leaders and supporters are made to performance targets to attain schedule.

Relationship VS Management

The underneath table shows the deference between Relationship Leadership Theory and Management Leadership Theory.



Aim high honorable standards and thoughts.

An objective of the leader reaches the rewards and sanctions.

Positive management.


Entity treatment.

Exclusion behavior.

The inspiration is to encourage concerned of the interests of the faction and the group reached.

Inspiration to attain individual benefit by cheering.

Leadership Role Model

Leadership Profile

Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam


My ideal leader is Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam. Abdul Kalam served as the 11th President of India. He had born on 15th of October 1931 at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu. He is well-known as an aerospace engineer professor (of Aerospace engineering) and first Chancellor of the Indian Institute Of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram (IIST). During his term as President, he was popularly known as the people’s President. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna India’s highest civilian honors in 1997. [3]

Before becoming the President of India he was working as an aerospace engineer with the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). He is widely famous as the Missile Man of India because of his work on the development of Ballistic Missile and Space Rocket Technology. At present he is a visiting professor at Indian Institute of Management Ahmadabad. [4]

In May 2011 Kalam launched his mission for the youth of the Nation called the ‘What Can I Give Movement’ with a central theme to defeat corruption. Kalam is well-known as a scientist but he also has a special interest writing Tamil poetry and also in playing the musical instrument Veenai. [5]


Transforming the country into an urbanized country, five areas in arrangement have been identified based on India’s core competency, natural resources and brilliant manpower for integrated action to twice the expansion rate of GDP and realize the Dream of Developed India. [6]

India’s Vision 2020 is a plan proposed by former Indian President Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam to make India an urbanized country by 2020. India’s Vision 2020 of transforming the India into a developed country can become a reality if every student and youth will be independently inventive. It involves putting the nation before oneself, former President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam said. [7]

The vision for the country should be based on strong pillars of development. It should focus on reducing the rural-urban split, impartial division of earth and water, providing value-based culture, access to best health care, ensuring responsive and corruption free governance, improvement of scarcity, and a secure and terrorism-free nation. [8]

It is really a challenge to originate a vision for India in 2020. Therefore, we thought it suitable to look for motivation from one who had a clear vision and motivated the hearts and minds of numerous Indians. [9]


Abdul Kalam’s Mission is PURA Mission (providing urban Amenities in Rural Areas) “Providing connectivity’s to rural complexes is a vital need to overpass the rural to urban partition, create employment and improve rural success. These are the included methods which will bring opulence to rural India through PURA.” [10]

A.P.J Abdul Kalam’s leadership style is Creative leadership

He believes in Creative Leadership for Nationwide Progress. His main attribute was his strength of mind to attain the goals of the mission’s in-time .Creative leadership means exercising the vision to alter the traditional role from the commandant to the coach, manager to mentor, from administrator to delegator and from one who demands respect to one who facilitates self-respect. Creative Leader will have a mission to do work with honesty and be successful with honor.  To get goals three things vision, mission and realization are most important for leaders. Kalam is a creative leader. He creates a mission for future of the India 2020. He worked for this land as a scientist and as a president.

As Scientist

His researches and educational leadership brought him great place in 1980s, which provoked the government to initiate an advanced missile program under his directorship. He was the Chief Scientific counselor to the Prime Minister and the Secretary of Defense Research and Development Organization from July 1992 to December 1999. Media reputed Kalam as the country’s top nuclear scientist. (Dipti, 2012)

As President

To get the distinguishing outline of India, He has the mission of transforming India into an urban nation. A country that is one of the best places to exist in and is proud of its leadership. He had got the knowledge about the five areas where India has a core competence for integrated act: (1) Farming and foodstuff processing (2) Schooling and Healthcare (3) Information and communiqué Machinery (4) Trustworthy and Excellence Electric power, Exterior transportation, road and rail network for all parts of the country. (5) Self-sufficiency in serious technologies. These five areas are closely interconnected and if progressed in a coordinated way, will guide to foodstuff, financial and nationalized defense.

“Transforming the country into a developed nation state, five areas in arrangement have been identified based on India’s core proficiency, ordinary resources and gifted manpower for integrated action to twice the expansion rate of GDP and become conscious the Vision of Developed India.

John Key


John key is the Prime Minister of the New Zealand. He has a democratic leadership style. He became the prime minister of NZ on the 8th November 2008. He has led the NZ National Party. His most recent plan is that it civil services is more well-organized, by ten exact goals he want to get in the next three to five years and wants to inferior the threshold the number of officials. He also announced that four departments of the together to make a new ministry for industry development and create vacancies for people. The Ministry will make it easier to do work with the government.

Key also said that these issues will be assessed against a set of ten goals; such has 85% of the 18-year-old with NCEA level 2 or the same in 5 years. He also identified at-risk children to help their skills and develop employ decrease offense and get better alignment with other than govt. These are the major areas which have to develop for the departments. Key believes that global warming is a fact and that the government to initiate techniques in order to reduce the human input to global warming. Main work is devoted to National Party decreases of greenhouse gas emissions by 50% in New Zealand the next 5 years.

In current times, as in 2005, commentators note of that key Prepared Statement represented that he doubts about the effects and consequences of climate alteration had be changed. Key has a varied record on social issues: he voted in opponent Bill provides for public unions, arguing that he represented his constituents’ opinion, but he supports it individually. Also the major part of a huge block votes of the delegates to a bill that defines wedding as among a male and conquer a female. Key also clear in his mind that he cannot refuse to accept, gay implementation.